Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth, teeth and gums clean and healthy. It is the best way to prevent tooth decay, gingivitis and periodontists, as well as avoiding halitosis. The preventive care should be daily to avoid several problems with your oral health and well-being.
Oral hygiene and periodic consultations with your dentist are very important throughout your lifetime. Regardless of age, it is possible to have healthy teeth and gums if you brush your teeth at least three times a day, using adequate toothpaste. Don’t forget to floss at least once a day, and is important to visit your dentist for check-ups.
Regardless of age, it is possible to have healthy teeth and gums
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), oral health comprises a state in which the person is free from pain, discomfort and changes in the mouth and face. This includes conditions of oral or throat cancer, infections and mouth ulcers, diseases and any disorders that may affect the quality of life, preventing the patient from eating, smiling, speaking or feeling socially comfortable.
Oral health directly reflects on overall health. It is through the mouth that the digestive process begins, as teeth are important for chewing food, the articulation of words and aesthetics.
Remember, early detection and treatment of problems with your gums, teeth and mouth can help ensure a lifetime of good oral health.
Oral hygiene advice:
From the earliest months of life, proper oral hygiene should be practised.
For babies, soak gauze in filtered water and gently wipe the baby’s gums at least once a day, preferably at dusk, before the baby sleeps. After 6 months, an appropriate finger brush for the baby’s oral hygiene should replace the gauze. When the baby is 1 1/2 years old, parents should begin using a child’s toothbrush as well as using an age-appropriate, usually fluoride-free, toothpaste.
All these procedures should be part of the child’s routine early on, so that in the future, they see tooth brushing as normal routine.
- In addition to daily brushing and flossing, consider using mouthwash containing fluoride to promote oral health.
- Resist the temptation to use toothpicks or other objects that could injure your gums and let in bacteria.
- If you smoke, try to quit. Using tobacco increases your risk of many diseases, including gum disease and tooth loss
- Visit your dentist regularly – at least every 6 months to maintain good oral health.
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